Historically, the poodle was a water dog, a circus dog, and the pampered pet of royal households in France. The standard poodle was known as early as the 15th Century and was shown in the paintings of German artist Albrecht Durer and the Spanish artist Goya.
But the poodle is not all he appears to be. He is native to Germany, not France, and he got his start in the swamps as a water dog trained to retrieve fallen birds for hunters. His name is a corruption of the German pudeln, which means “to splash in water.”
Overview: The Moyen Poodle is an intelligent, joyful, companion dog. The Moyen Poodle has a large amount of energy and has a very playful attitude. Poodles love to be around its owner. This dog gets along with other dog breeds and likes other animals. Strangers make this canine nervous at first, but once it gets over being nervous it is friendly towards people it doesn’t know. The Moyen Poodle is easy to train as it loves to learn and catches on quickly. This breed can make an excellent watchdog, but doesn’t do well as a guard dog. Grooming takes true determination on the owner’s part with this dog. The Moyen Poodle is somewhat resistant to cold weather and has good resistance towards hot environments. Poodles are not meant to spend long periods of time alone. Poodles want to be in the home with their families. These are true companion dogs.
The Moyen Poodle falls in-between the Miniature and Standard Poodle size. Not an official AKC size variation, however has become popular outside the USA.
The Moyen Poodle is considered to be a very smart and easy to train dog. Moyen Poodles are playful, energetic, and eager to please as well as alert, focused and very loyal to their owners. Some poodles may act nervous around strangers which is why it is so important to commit extra time to socializing your poodle starting very young. Between 8 and 12 weeks is the most important socialization time. For more information on socialization please read: The 12 Rules of Socialization!
Although the Poodle is associated with France its origins are probably in central Asia. The curly-coated dogs in that region would assist with the herding and would travel along the routes in and throughout Europe. There are several water dogs that were known to have rough coats that appear to be in the Poodle’s ancestry. It is believed that the first Poodle was the Barbet. This dog was a curly haired breed that was found throughout France, Russia, Hungary, and several other places. It is the type that came from Germany that gained the most popularity among the people. Even the name Poodle comes from German word Pfudel, meaning puddle, or to splash. This was referencing the water talents of the Poodle. In France it is known as Caniche, or Chien Canard. Both of these names refer to the dog’s duck hunting abilities. The hair on the Poodle is usually cut away to imitate a swim suit while the puffs on the legs and tail are believed to represent the days it was used in the circus. This canine became popular with ladies of fashion and became a great companion to them. The French aristocracy found this breed favorable and made it the national dog of France. Poodles entered dog shows in the late 19th century. Some of the earlier Poodles used in the shows had corded coats. This fashion didn’t last long however and was replaced with the bouffant styles still being used today.
The Moyen Poodle is also known as: Klein Poodle, Kleinpudels, Caniche, Barbone, Chien Canne, French Poodle, Pudle
Though the Poodle breed of various sizes was formally recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1887, the Moyen Poodle is recognized more commonly in Europe breed clubs and is not a recognized breed size by AKC.
The Moyen Poodle coat is either curly or corded. If it is curly, it is more rough in texture but still soft and thick. If it is corded, it is in tight cords of various lengths.
The colors of the coat can be blue, gray, silver, brown, cafe-au-lait, apricot, or a cream color. Each color listed can be in different shades. The coat is considered non-shedding.
The Moyen Poodle requires a large amount of human interaction. It also needs to have a large amount of physical and mental exercise daily. It is recommended to do an obedience session followed by playing or taking the dog for a good walk every day. The Moyen Poodle shouldn’t live outdoors.
Eyes: Look for bright eyes surrounded by white with little, if any, discharge. Fur in the eyes can cause irritation which can cause an infection and discharge which may need to be treated.
Ears: The hair inside the ears of a poodle must be removed by careful plucking to avoid moisture getting trapped and causing ear infections. Check inside your poodle’s ears for any signs of redness or swelling. Watch for brown waxy debris or bad odour, which could be signs of an ear infection.
Mouth: Your poodle’s teeth should be pearly white and clean of tartar. Make a habit of brushing your poodle’s teeth with a canine toothpaste and brush as part of your twice weekly grooming routine. Regular gentle brushing reduces build up of tartar and promotes healthy teeth and gums. Be sure to know what your poodles normal gum color is – very pale gums could be a sign of a problem and should be reported to your vet.
Body: Run your hands over the body of your poodle and feel for any unusual lumps or areas of the body that are tender to touch. Keep a mental note of weight gain or loss which can be felt according to how hard you need to press to feel the ribs.
Consult your veterinarian if you find anything out of the ordinary comes up.
Whether you own a Moyen, Standard, Miniature, or a Toy Poodle.. there is one aspect of this breed that is present across all sizes: the unique coat.
In most other breeds, the hair follicle contains both a long primary hair and multiple fine secondary hairs. A poodle’s coat is composed of 80% secondary hairs. This gives the coat the appearance of “puppy hair.” Another distinct characteristic of the poodle’s hair is the shape of the individual strands. They take on a “curly” appearance because they contain high concentrations of sulfur-containing amino acids.
To provide the specialized care to keep this coat looking its best, routine grooming and good nutrition are essential. Regular coat clipping helps promote the health of the skin. Many breeders clip the hair at least once each month. We recommend brushing your poodle every day if it has long hair and weekly if it has short hair.
For more info on Poodle History check out http://www.poodlehistory.org/